The freelance photography business is booming, and as more people pick up their cameras (and their smartphones) to express their creativity and unique style, there are more types of photographers than ever before. In order to identify gigs worthy of submitting scope of work templates or quotation templates, you should figure out what your niche is.
According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, the number of self-employed photographers in the United States is expected to grow by 10% over the next 10 years. It’s no real surprise, given that photography is a lucrative business in many states, with some digital photographers bringing in upwards to $82,000+ a year. Of course, your income will depend on what level of photographer you are (i.e. how much experience you have) and if you utilise all your tax deductions.
With more and more photographers — and types of photographers — entering the freelance world, it’s more important than ever to be crystal clear about how to get into photography, what type of photographer you are and what kind of photography services you offer. You may want to consider widening your offering to stay competitive, or niching down to be seen as an expert in your area.
At Bonsai, we want to see your freelance business thrive. So, to help you out, we’ve compiled a list of 40 types of photographers with a brief description of each, so you can identify ways to start or expand your digital photographer freelance business.
If you’re an animal lover, there are plenty of types of photographers who get to hang out with animals all day! It takes a certain level of photographer to know how to work with animals, but with the right amount of practice, you can do it too.
In some families, pets are treated like children! As a pet photographer, you can help dog dads and cat moms create beautiful moments of their fur babies that they will treasure forever.
This type of photographer requires a lot of patience as it can sometimes take weeks, months, or even years to get the perfect shot of a wild animal. But if you’re lucky and the hard work pays off, your wildlife photo could even be featured in National Geographic!
The equine industry relies on high-quality photographs of horses, whether it’s for submitting to potential breeders (to show that a horse’s physical characteristics conform to the breeder’s needs) or for promoting horse races and shows.
A specific type of wildlife photographer, bird photographers have to get to know where and when to capture them at their most active (typically in the early morning or late afternoon).
Commercial photographers work with businesses across a wide range of industries to help them create stunning photos that attract the attention of their target customers (or other audience). Working with commercial clients offers a great way to set up retainer work, as most clients will need new photos on an ongoing basis.
Nearly every industry relies on photos, so there is a niche for every interest. Here are just some types of commercial photographers.
As a fashion photographer, you may work for a specific brand to help them create brand imagery for their website and advertisements. This type of photographer can also be seen at fashion events — even large events like London Fashion Week look for freelance fashion photographers.
This type of photographer needs to be fast on their feet! As a sports photographer, you’ll often have to keep up with high-speed athletes running across football fields, around tracks, or swimming lanes.
To snag those coveted photography contracts at high-profile sporting events, you’re going to need a great proposal. Bonsai’s freelance proposals tool can help you create an on-brand, compelling proposal in no time.
If you love an aesthetically pleasing building, you might enjoy architecture photography. From building exteriors and unique exteriors to bridges and skylines, there are so many types of architecture to explore.
Beautiful images are vital in selling a property. A potential buyer’s first impression of a property relies almost solely on the images that have been chosen for the listing, so real estate agents need to hire photographers they can depend on to show the property in the best possible way.
Hospitals and clinics rely on medical photographs to help them document procedures, from surgeries to autopsies. Medical photographers may have to photograph patients or specimens that have been removed from the body.
Food photography existed way before Instagram made it popular in the general public (#foodie). This type of photographer helps restaurants, cookbook editors, food magazines, home bakers and even advertising companies capture delicious dishes in the right way.
Automotive photography can be quite stunning. From high-speed movement shots to sharp stationary photos, this is the perfect venture for a freelance photographer who is also a car aficionado.
As an advertising photographer, you’re responsible for showing a product in the most appealing way possible for the target audience. This will probably include a combination of flat-lay product shots and photos of people using the product in the intended way.
A product photographer is similar to an advertising photographer, but this type of photographer is more likely to shoot the product on its own rather than in a staged situation. These images may be used in advertisements, but are also often used for product listings.
Nothing has had more of an impact on the digital photographer industry over the last few years than drones. This is especially true in the real estate photography industry, where homes with aerial images sell 68% faster than those without. However, this type of photography also plays a role in a wide range of industries, including the construction, events, travel, and advertising sectors.
Wondering exactly how to create a proposal for a commercial photography client, or how to send them a photography invoice when the job is done? Try a free two-week trial of Bonsai, which can help you manage all your client admin in a single place.
If you love being outdoors, you would probably enjoy being a nature photographer. Even if you aren’t interested in wildlife photography, there are plenty of types of nature photographers out there to choose from. Here are a few.
Imagine taking those sprawling landscape shots that make for stunning desktop backgrounds. Landscape photography is a broad form of photography that encompasses any photos of the outdoors. A good landscape photographer can capture the essence of any natural space, no matter how vast, and make it look just as impressive on a small screen.
Panoramic photography has its place in a wide range of photography areas, but it is primarily used in nature photography. This photography technique involves merging several photos together to make one wide shot, which helps better encompass a vast or elongated space.
This is possibly one of the coolest forms of photography, simply because the shots are so unique — and difficult to take! To become an underwater photographer, you’re probably going to want to know how to scuba dive, but you can also take photos from just below the surface or from within an underwater vehicle.
Storm photography is not for the faint of heart. Not only do you have to be a storm chaser to engage in this thrilling form of photography, but you also have to be willing to get up close and personal with your subject. Be prepared to invest in some heavy-duty equipment if this is your path of choice!
The children photography industry has blossomed thanks to tech advancements that make it so much easier to snap photos of wiggly babies and active children on the go. No need for a studio anymore: many of today’s children’s photographers visit clients in their own home!
If you’re interested in working with children, here are some types of photography to explore.
Family photography is all about giving families momentos to treasure, so they can capture moments and hold on to them long into the future. As a family photographer, you could specialize even further by focusing your talents on mother and baby shots, staged group portraits, or even candid outdoor sessions.
If you have more of a creative streak, baby and child photography might be a great fit for you! From cake-smash shoots to bright and colorful milestone photos, this is a popular — and lucrative — type of photography and offers a great chance to try new things and hop on photography trends.
While babies and children are active, newborns are a bit more limited in what they can do, so newborn photography requires a distinct skillset and approach. Newborn shoots typically take place while the child is asleep, allowing for greater flexibility in poses.
From individual school portraits (we all remember photo day) to group class shots, school photography is always in demand. Build relationships with schools in your area to ensure they come back to you year after year.
If you're passionate about catching the perfect smile or unique postures in your photos, here are some options you could choose from.
It’s not just children who want their photos taken! From headshots to engagement shoots, portrait sessions are becoming more and more popular in a world where we’re constantly looking for a curated Instagram feed or professional-looking LinkedIn profile photo.
A subset of portrait photography, branding photography is for business owners or small business teams who need on-brand photos for their social media feeds, blogs, websites, advertisements, and other marketing channels. The shoots are typically lifestyle-oriented and might take place in the client’s office or another working environment (like a coffee shop).
Boudoir photography typically involves shooting the subject in a sensual and/or romantic way. The client usually wears lingerie, and the “studio” is a more intimate setting like a bedroom or dressing room.
There’s not much we can say about erotic or nude photography and still remain professional, but it is worth acknowledging as a lucrative type of photography. It typically goes one step further than boudoir photography, and is certainly a niche market.
If you’re a photographer, or are interested in becoming one, chances are you have an artistic side. Photographing from within the arts industry allows you to surround yourself with several different art forms at once, and can really help you bring out your creative streak. Here are just a few examples.
Concert photography is a pretty sweet gig, especially if you’re a music fan. You have the rare chance of taking photos of performing artists from close-up, and get to enjoy their music at the same time. Of course, the higher your level of photography, the better chance you’ll have of working with big-name musicians.
Fine art photography is more aligned with other traditional art forms, like fine art paintings. It tends to have a much more artistic approach, bringing to life a more abstract vision or story. Some fine art photographers get very creative, overlaying digital effects and editing the image to create something truly surreal.
Street photography somewhat fits under the category of art photography, but it depends on your personal style and approach. It is a type of candid photography that involves going out in the world and finding your subjects by chance. The incredibly popular Humans of New York series is a great example of this type of photography.
Is an event truly an event if there’s no photographer present? From weddings and engagements to birthdays and anniversaries, most event planners list hiring a great photographer as their number one priority.
As a wedding photographer, you get to share in the happiest day of a couple’s life together. If you get joy out of seeing families brought together, wedding photography might be your calling. You’ll have the chance to be a “fly on the wall” in some of the most intimate settings, capturing moments that families will cherish for the rest of their lives. Just be careful to protect your business and sign a wedding photography contract whenever you work with a new client.
While certainly not as popular as wedding photography, some people chose to invite a professional photographer to birthday parties! This is especially true for milestone birthdays, such as a 50th birthday or a child’s first birthday party.
Still haven't found one that sounds right for you? You're in luck! There are still plenty to go through.
Dream of seeing the world? Why not bring your camera with you and make a freelance career out of it! There are many different subsets of this type of photography: you can document a country’s people, traditions, food, or landscapes.
Being a travel photographer often means lots of moving around, so it’s important to track your freelance expenses on the go so you can easily charge your client after the project is complete.
Photojournalism is the art of sharing news and telling stories through photos. If you want to be a photojournalist, you’re going to have to have the same skills as a traditional journalist — namely, being able to seek out a popular story and document it well.
Press photography is similar to photojournalism, but it is moreso a term reserved for photographers who go out on assignments set by an editor or publisher. For example, you might be asked to photograph a grand opening or some other local celebration so there is a photo to go along with the story in tomorrow’s newspaper.
Stock photography looks nothing like it used to! No longer merely forced-looking photos of people in everyday situations, you might be surprised at how many stock photos you see on your social media feeds every single day without even realizing it.
Popular online stock photo resources include Unsplash, Pexels, and even stock photo membership sites like Haute Stock and Styled Stock Society. You could sell your photos to any one of these platforms, or create your own!
We’ve all seen those paparazzi photos of politicians, celebrities, athletes and famous artists. Paparazzi photographers are typically independently-contracted photographers who make their living taking and selling pictures of high-profile people to the highest bidder. The best paparazzi can rake in low- to mid-six-figure annual salaries!
Macro photography involves getting up close and personal with your subject, typically using a long camera lens. This is a type of photography that’s commonly used to capture insects, other small organisms, and natural elements like dewdrops or frost.
Taking macro photography to the next level, micro photography requires very specific equipment that allows you to magnify your subject anywhere from x7 to x100 — usually a microscope. This isn’t an incredibly popular type of photography, at least among freelancers, but it is important to the scientific community.
Film camera photographers are considered somewhat old-school nowadays, as they rely on film to take pictures rather than modern digital setups (like SD cards). However, film photography is rising in popularity again, as it provides a truly unique look that can’t be achieved with the digital camera.
Keep in mind that film photography requires some skills that your digital camera may not have taught you. But knowing how to use both can make you a more well-rounded photographer!
Astrophotographer is just a long and fancy name that means taking photos of the night sky. Your subject could be the moon, a distant star, or as much of the galaxy as you can capture in a single frame. Once relying on NASA-developed telescopic cameras, you can now engage in basic astrophotography using your smartphone!
Now that you know what type of photography to dive into for your freelance business, it’s time to find your next photography job.
Once you’ve landed the job, Bonsai can help you send over your contract, invoice your client, and track your expenses on the job. Get started with your free trial today.
A verbal contract (formally called an oral contract) refers to an agreement between two parties that's made —you guessed it— verbally.
Formal contracts, like those between an employee and an employer, are typically written down. However, some professional transactions take place based on verbally agreed terms.
Freelancers are a good example of this. Often, freelancers will take on projects having agreed on the terms and payment via the phone, or an email. Unfortunately, sometimes clients don't pull through on their agreements, and hardworking freelancers can find themselves out of pocket and wondering whether a legal battle is worth all the hassle.
The main differences between written and oral contracts are that the former is signed and documented, whereas the latter is solely attributed to verbal communication.
Verbal contracts are a bit of a gray area for most people unfamiliar with contract law —which is most of us, right?— due to the fact that there's no physical evidence to support the claims made by the implemented parties.
For any contract (written or verbal) to be binding, there are four major elements which need to be in place. The crucial elements of a contract are as follows:
Therefore, an oral agreement has legal validity if all of these elements are present. However, verbal contracts can be difficult to enforce in a court of law. In the next section, we take a look at how oral agreements hold up in court.
Most business professionals are wary of entering into contracts orally because they can difficult to enforce in the face of the law.
If an oral contract is brought in front of a court of law, there is increased risk of one party (or both!) lying about the initial terms of the agreement. This is problematic for the court, as there's no unbiased way to conclude the case; often, this will result in the case being disregarded. Moreover, it can be difficult to outline contract defects if it's not in writing.
That being said, there are plenty of situations where enforceable contracts do not need to be written or spoken, they're simply implied. For instance, when you buy milk from a store, you give something in exchange for something else and enter into an implied contract, in this case - money is exchanged for goods.
There are some types of contracts which must be in writing.
The Statute of Frauds is a legal statute which states that certain kinds of contracts must be executed in writing and signed by the parties involved. The Statute of Frauds has been adopted in almost all U.S states, and requires a written contract for the following purposes:
Typically, a court of law won't enforce an oral agreement in any of these circumstances under the statute. Instead, a written document is required to make the contract enforceable.
Contract law is generally doesn't favor contracts agreed upon verbally. A verbal agreement is difficult to prove, and can be used by those intent on committing fraud. For that reason, it's always best to put any agreements in writing and ensure all parties have fully understood and consented to signing.
Verbal agreements can be proven with actions in the absence of physical documentation. Any oral promise to provide the sale of goods or perform a service that you agreed to counts as a valid contract. So, when facing a court of law, what evidence can you provide to enforce a verbal agreement?
Unfortunately, without solid proof, it may be difficult to convince a court of the legality of an oral contract. Without witnesses to testify to the oral agreement taking place or other forms of evidence, oral contracts won't stand up in court. Instead, it becomes a matter of "he-said-she-said" - which legal professionals definitely don't have time for!
If you were to enter into a verbal contract, it's recommended to follow up with an email or a letter confirming the offer, the terms of the agreement , and payment conditions. The more you can document the elements of a contract, the better your chances of legally enforcing a oral contract.
Another option is to make a recording of the conversation where the agreement is verbalized. This can be used to support your claims in the absence of a written agreement. However, it's always best to gain the permission of the other involved parties before hitting record.
Fundamentally, most verbal agreements are legally valid as long as they meet all the requirements for a contract. However, if you were to go to court over one party not fulfilling the terms of the contract, proving that the interaction took place can be extremely taxing.
So, ultimately, the question is: written or verbal agreements?
Any good lawyer, contract law firm, or legal professional would advise you to make sure you formalize any professional agreement with a written agreement. Written contracts provide a secure testament to the conditions that were agreed and signed by the two parties involved. If it comes to it, a physical contract is much easier to eviden in legal circumstances.
Freelancers, in particular, should be aware of the extra security that digital contracts may provide. Many people choose to stick to executing contracts verbally because they're not sure how to write a contract, or they think writing out the contract terms is too complicated or requires expensive legal advice. However, this is no longer the case.
Today, we have a world of resources available at our fingertips. The internet is a treasure trove of invaluable information, platforms, and software that simplifies our lives. Creating, signing, and sending contracts has never been easier. What's more, you don't have to rely on a hiring a lawyer to explain all that legal jargon anymore.
There are plenty of tools available online for freelancers to use for guidance when drafting digital contracts. Tools like Bonsai provide a range of customizable, vetted contract templates for all kinds of freelance professionals. No matter what industry you're operating in, Bonsai has a professional template to offer.
A written contract makes the agreement much easier to prove the terms of the agreement in case something were to go awry. The two parties involved can rest assured that they're legal rights are protected, and the terms of the contract are sufficiently documented. Plus, it provides both parties with peace of mind to focus on the tasks at hand.
Bonsai's product suite for freelancers allows users to make contracts from scratch, or using professional templates, and sign them using an online signature maker.
With Bonsai, you can streamline and automate all of the boring back-office tasks that come with being a freelancer. From creating proposals that clients can't say no to, to sealing the deal with a professional contract - Bonsai will revolutionize the way you do business as a freelancer.
Why not secure your business today and sign up for a free trial?