Truck operators spend a lot of time in transit. And while this lifestyle is bountiful with beautiful scenery, social camaraderie, and the spirit of freedom and adventure, when it comes to tax book-keeping, being "on the road" translates into a lot of misplaced receipts.
Considering that truckers' expenses on the road can really add up, lost evidence of those expenses spells out missed opportunities to deduct tax expenses, which spells out having to pay more in income taxes to the Internal Revenue Service!
Luckily, the Bonsai Tax accounting software can easily keep track of receipts as well as other tax materials relevant to truckers and ensures that the taxpayer stays on track with collecting and scanning in all the relevant receipts as they come in.
If you are an independent truck driver/owner-operator of an over-the-road (OTR) trucking business, read on to learn:
Note: Claim your 14 day free trial of our tax receipt organizer as well as our other invoicing and contract tools. The average user of our receipt tracking software saves $5,600 from their tax bill.
Both truck owner operators and, in the majority of cases, the drivers that are hired to haul the freight load for them are considered 1099 independent contractors (though a small percentage of truck drivers are W-2 employees at trucking companies).
As self-employed workers, all drivers of freight trucks are responsible for filing quarterly estimated tax payments as well as end-of-year tax returns with the IRS for two main categories of taxes: income tax and self-employment tax.
Independent contractors pay both federal and state income taxes.
The federal tax to residents of all 50 U.S. states, with new tax brackets set by the IRS every year.
Different states set their own state tax brackets each year. In 2021, the state individual tax structures are distributed as follows:
Bonsai Tax digital accounting tool can easily calculate your federal and state tax estimates based on the data you enroll into its cloud-based online account.
As a trucker, you are also expected to pay a SE tax which, in 2021, is set at 15.3% (12.4% for Social Security and 2.9% for Medicaid).
SE taxes apply to 92.35% of your net earnings from being self-employed.
Bonsai Tax can calculate your SE in a blink of an eye. Try our 1099 self-employed tax calculator.
This does not apply to the majority of the trucker community -- however, owner operators who are involved in a long-term lease (30+ days) with a carrier company may be additionally responsible for paying quarterly "fuel taxes" to the jurisdiction state in which their business is registered.
The International Fuel Tax Agreement (IFTA) is an agreement that exists between 48 U.S. states and ten Canadian provinces -- expressed as a tax collected by the carrier's domicile state, to be used toward infrastructure (i.e. maintenance/repair of roads, which are damaged at an accelerated rate thanks to tractor-trailer traffic).
Before IFTA, carriers had to calculate taxes owed to each individual state in which they operated a commercial vehicle: now, thanks to the agreement, the process has been streamlined for all U.S. states/Canadian provinces involved. The fuel taxes are proportional to miles driven in each state/province.
If you are an owner operator of a leased IFTA-qualifying vehicle that delivers goods between different IFTA-signed jurisdictions, you are likely responsible for getting an IFTA license with decals (to be renewed every year) and to file IFTA taxes.
You are required to file IFTA reports if your trucking business checks off any of the following conditions:
Figuring out your IFTA taxes necessitates keeping a methodical record of your state-by-state mileage for each quarter's report, as well as holding on to all fuel receipts.
The above tax-related responsibilities may sound like a lot of paperwork and math -- and it's true: they are a bit much... Luckily, unlike in the olden days, you can turn to an accounting tool that will take the majority of that burden off of you!
With Bonsai Tax accounting software/app, you answer some simple questions and enroll your earnings into the online app and Bonsai tax software sorts these data into appropriate graphs in the appropriate tax forms -- and generates quarterly tax payment estimates, so that you never accidentally underpay on the basis of an inaccurate guess (and incur penalty fees for it). And, of course, Bonsai Tax can help you with filing your annual tax return as well.
Note: Our software will automatically send you payment reminders as well as give you quarterly tax estimates based on your earnings. Try a 14 day free trial of our app here.
As a self-employed trucker, you are entitled to deducting expenses related to your business.
Here are the essential rules of thumb to successful tax deductions:
The most common deductible expenses for a trucking independent contractor are:
This includes (but is not limited to) writing utensils, printing paper and stationary, calculators, postage, cost of accounting software (such as Bonsai Tax), photocopying/printing costs, even desk and chair, if they are used exclusively for trucking business purposes.
As long as you use this technology exclusively for business purposes, you can write off the full price of the device intern(s) and the internet/data plans that come in tow; if you alternate personal and business use on these machines, you can only deduct the work-related cell phone bill percentage of total expenses.
Many truckers belong to labor associations: the membership fees may be deductible, as long as they are related directly to enhancing one's occupational skills/standing/networking.
This applies to trucking industry-relevant tools of the trade and necessary materials, such as tire irons, bungee cords, tarps, ratchet straps, etc.
If your job necessitates safety gear, such as a back brace or safety goggles, florescent vests, etc., you can deduct those purchases.
Food consumed while away on driving jobs is only deductible for truckers who are gone overnight from their "tax home" (the region where your business is based). It follows that short-distance drivers are not eligible for meal deductions, while long-haul drivers are.
There are two ways for trucking professionals to claim their on-the-road meal deductions:
The IRS sets hotel per diems for other industries but not the trucking one! Drivers of trucks are expected to file actual expenses on accommodations (and, like with meals, only overnight trips to a different jurisdiction qualify for a write-off).
Even if your job does not cover the cost of truck driver training and licensing, you can recover this cost, assuming it was incurred during the year you are submitting tax returns for.
The total coast of your subscriptions to trucking publications is eligible for a write-off.
Trucks require insurance: commercial auto liability, property damage, damaged cargo, lost income due to a business interruption, etc.: all those insurance premiums are deductible as a business expenditure.
For many drivers, regular medical exams are mandatory: those and some other out-of-pocket expenditures that go toward work-related medical treatment/clearance qualify for a tax deduction.
Taxes and licenses you pay in running your business are tax deductible.
A driver of a semi incurs many costs on the road that are hard to categorized but are certainly purchased for work purposes. From a minifridge to a flashlight to cleaning supplies to bedding to laundromat and shower costs: these expenses qualify for a write-off as long as they directly benefit your business.
You can claim itemized actual expenses of operating a semitruck in the form of:
Owner operators who lease their vehicles are entitled to write off the whole amount of each monthly lease payment.
For those who purchased their vehicles, car payments are not eligible for write-offs. However, you can deduct the loan interest from financing your own truck/trailer.
Additionally, owner operators can claim depreciating property, as everything from the truck to the trailer to even the office equipment depreciates with time.
Even though life on the road comes with many necessities, not all expenses can be written off as deductions on tax returns.
For example, you may wear regular clothes when you drive the long-distance routes, but you still cannot deduct regular clothing purchases. Likewise, you cannot write off commuting costs/mileage between where you live and where you work. Your home phone line does not qualify for a deduction, even if you use it for work. Travel expenses and meals incurred on personal trips are not eligible deductions either.
Owner-operators are not allowed to deduct time for "lost income" spent working on their equipment, deadheading, or downtime.
Taking advantage of all available 1099 tax deductions is highly recommended for everyone, but doing it "from scratch" and using old-fashioned pen-and-paper methods is quite time-consuming and labor-intensive.
Enter Bonsai Tax -- and deductions become a breeze!
With the Bonsai Tax accounting software, you can keep receipts for taxes or business expenses and track mileage in the same digital account. The software will, when the time comes, factor these data into figuring out the quarterly and annual deductions.
Throughout the year, Bonsai Tax will generate real-time expense/profit and loss reports, so that you can get the big picture of your incoming/outgoing expenses and budget better on the basis of this data. The Bonsai accounting software can handle multiple foreign currencies: so, if some of your expenses are in Canadian dollars, the app will take care of the conversion rates for you.
Based on the above information, it is painfully obvious that the most sensible tax-keeping favor a trucker can do for themselves is to save the heck out of all their expense receipts!!
And those receipts need to be organized and tracked in some fashion.
Gone are the days of being buried in massive amounts of paper with numbers all over it. Today, you can take all your receipts and scan them into Bonsai Tax's online receipt app on an ongoing basis (so that nothing ever piles up) -- and the accounting software will sort them into appropriate tax deductions categories and keep track of them from there on in digital form (so you can recycle the hard copies and avoid accumulating paper clutter).
Unlike regular accounting tools like Quickbooks, Bonsai's tax preparation software/app spares you the cumbersome calculations of cost per mile and other operating expenses for contractors in the trucking business. With the Bonsai Tax software, your main task is to keep scanning your expense receipts and income into the system (which only takes a few minutes, several times per month) -- and the app will take over from there to figure out which write-off categories your receipts belong in and how much money to write off. It's simply the best application to track receipts for taxes.
As long as you take care of enrolling the receipts, Bonsai Tax will automatically import your credit card and bank statements into its cloud-based online account and can generate on-demand profit and loss reports to keep you aware of your expenses. It will likewise calculate quarterly taxes owed to the IRS every three months, so that you are never receive a late penalty for estimated tax or "off" with those payments, as well as fill out the bulk of the end-of-year tax return.
Our software helps you run your business smoother while making you more comfortable with and knowledgeable about taxes "work".
It helps that Bonsai Tax comes with top-of-the-line technical support, a 100% accuracy guarantee, and lots of customer praise for being extremely user-friendly. Try the full Bonsai independent contractor application product suite to help automate your business.
Sign up for a free trial of Bonsai Tax software and experience the satisfaction of simple, smooth, and accurate accounting -- and enjoy the money it saves for your business.
Surely, you will find something great to do with those savings: perhaps reinvest them back into your trucking business?
A verbal contract (formally called an oral contract) refers to an agreement between two parties that's made —you guessed it— verbally.
Formal contracts, like those between an employee and an employer, are typically written down. However, some professional transactions take place based on verbally agreed terms.
Freelancers are a good example of this. Often, freelancers will take on projects having agreed on the terms and payment via the phone, or an email. Unfortunately, sometimes clients don't pull through on their agreements, and hardworking freelancers can find themselves out of pocket and wondering whether a legal battle is worth all the hassle.
The main differences between written and oral contracts are that the former is signed and documented, whereas the latter is solely attributed to verbal communication.
Verbal contracts are a bit of a gray area for most people unfamiliar with contract law —which is most of us, right?— due to the fact that there's no physical evidence to support the claims made by the implemented parties.
For any contract (written or verbal) to be binding, there are four major elements which need to be in place. The crucial elements of a contract are as follows:
Therefore, an oral agreement has legal validity if all of these elements are present. However, verbal contracts can be difficult to enforce in a court of law. In the next section, we take a look at how oral agreements hold up in court.
Most business professionals are wary of entering into contracts orally because they can difficult to enforce in the face of the law.
If an oral contract is brought in front of a court of law, there is increased risk of one party (or both!) lying about the initial terms of the agreement. This is problematic for the court, as there's no unbiased way to conclude the case; often, this will result in the case being disregarded. Moreover, it can be difficult to outline contract defects if it's not in writing.
That being said, there are plenty of situations where enforceable contracts do not need to be written or spoken, they're simply implied. For instance, when you buy milk from a store, you give something in exchange for something else and enter into an implied contract, in this case - money is exchanged for goods.
There are some types of contracts which must be in writing.
The Statute of Frauds is a legal statute which states that certain kinds of contracts must be executed in writing and signed by the parties involved. The Statute of Frauds has been adopted in almost all U.S states, and requires a written contract for the following purposes:
Typically, a court of law won't enforce an oral agreement in any of these circumstances under the statute. Instead, a written document is required to make the contract enforceable.
Contract law is generally doesn't favor contracts agreed upon verbally. A verbal agreement is difficult to prove, and can be used by those intent on committing fraud. For that reason, it's always best to put any agreements in writing and ensure all parties have fully understood and consented to signing.
Verbal agreements can be proven with actions in the absence of physical documentation. Any oral promise to provide the sale of goods or perform a service that you agreed to counts as a valid contract. So, when facing a court of law, what evidence can you provide to enforce a verbal agreement?
Unfortunately, without solid proof, it may be difficult to convince a court of the legality of an oral contract. Without witnesses to testify to the oral agreement taking place or other forms of evidence, oral contracts won't stand up in court. Instead, it becomes a matter of "he-said-she-said" - which legal professionals definitely don't have time for!
If you were to enter into a verbal contract, it's recommended to follow up with an email or a letter confirming the offer, the terms of the agreement , and payment conditions. The more you can document the elements of a contract, the better your chances of legally enforcing a oral contract.
Another option is to make a recording of the conversation where the agreement is verbalized. This can be used to support your claims in the absence of a written agreement. However, it's always best to gain the permission of the other involved parties before hitting record.
Fundamentally, most verbal agreements are legally valid as long as they meet all the requirements for a contract. However, if you were to go to court over one party not fulfilling the terms of the contract, proving that the interaction took place can be extremely taxing.
So, ultimately, the question is: written or verbal agreements?
Any good lawyer, contract law firm, or legal professional would advise you to make sure you formalize any professional agreement with a written agreement. Written contracts provide a secure testament to the conditions that were agreed and signed by the two parties involved. If it comes to it, a physical contract is much easier to eviden in legal circumstances.
Freelancers, in particular, should be aware of the extra security that digital contracts may provide. Many people choose to stick to executing contracts verbally because they're not sure how to write a contract, or they think writing out the contract terms is too complicated or requires expensive legal advice. However, this is no longer the case.
Today, we have a world of resources available at our fingertips. The internet is a treasure trove of invaluable information, platforms, and software that simplifies our lives. Creating, signing, and sending contracts has never been easier. What's more, you don't have to rely on a hiring a lawyer to explain all that legal jargon anymore.
There are plenty of tools available online for freelancers to use for guidance when drafting digital contracts. Tools like Bonsai provide a range of customizable, vetted contract templates for all kinds of freelance professionals. No matter what industry you're operating in, Bonsai has a professional template to offer.
A written contract makes the agreement much easier to prove the terms of the agreement in case something were to go awry. The two parties involved can rest assured that they're legal rights are protected, and the terms of the contract are sufficiently documented. Plus, it provides both parties with peace of mind to focus on the tasks at hand.
Bonsai's product suite for freelancers allows users to make contracts from scratch, or using professional templates, and sign them using an online signature maker.
With Bonsai, you can streamline and automate all of the boring back-office tasks that come with being a freelancer. From creating proposals that clients can't say no to, to sealing the deal with a professional contract - Bonsai will revolutionize the way you do business as a freelancer.
Why not secure your business today and sign up for a free trial?