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Understanding Agile frameworks: definition, types, and overview

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Updated on:
May 25, 2024
May 25, 2024
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Agile frameworks use an interactive method that is based on the Agile Manifesto’s principles. Note that these principles are popular in Agile project management and software development. Frameworks like Scrum, Kanban, and DSDM are part of this. They help manage projects in a dynamic way. 

Scrum and Kanban focus on delivering continuously. On the other hand, DSDM is about making decisions in a structured way. These Agile methods help businesses improve project predictability and efficiency. The best thing is that Agile Leadership or Agile Consulting can help teams use these strategies effectively.

Introduction to Agile Frameworks

It’s obvious that Agile frameworks such as Scrum, Kanban, and Extreme Programming are crucial. They are used in Agile project management and software development. What’s amazing is that these frameworks work based on the Agile Manifesto’s principles! These principles stress being adaptable, satisfying customers along with involving stakeholders. Scrum is often used for complex and innovative work. The notable thing about Kanban is that it is applied for ongoing and less predictable work. Extreme Programming aims to improve software quality and responsiveness. 

What is Agile?

It’s vital to understand that Agile is a way to manage projects and develop products. It focuses on steady progress, feedback from customers, as well as adapting to change. It started in the software industry, as explained in the Agile Manifesto. The astonishing thing is that now its principles are used in many types of project management and organizations! 

Agile transformation is the process of changing an entire organization to follow Agile. Agile Consulting and Agile Leadership are critical in making and leading this change.

The importance of Agile Frameworks

It’s obvious that Agile frameworks are essential in today’s fast business world as they aid with Agile project management. They provide methods that focus on continuous improvement, flexibility, and more such things.

These frameworks are very important in Agile software development. The amazing thing is that they assist teams in adapting to changes, improving productivity, etc. What’s interesting is that they guide Agile Leadership to be more responsive and focus on value. So, Agile frameworks are not just tools but they are key to achieving the goals set out in the Agile Manifesto.

Understanding the Agile manifesto

The Agile Manifesto is especially useful for methods like Scrum, Kanban, and Agile software development. Note that this document started a big change in how software development and project management work.

The principles of the Agile Manifesto support a step-by-step approach and being flexible which makes it a good choice for Agile Leadership. The Agile Manifesto is applied in many industries. 

The four values of Agile

The Agile Manifesto lists Four Values of Agile. These are very important in Agile project management methods, containing Scrum and FDD. These central tenets prioritize:

  • Individuals and Interactions over processes and tools
  • Working Software over comprehensive documentation
  • Customer Collaboration over contract negotiation
  • Responding to Change by following a plan

The twelve principles of Agile

It’s fascinating how the Agile Manifesto principles guide Agile project management and Agile software development! They focus on customer satisfaction together with delivering valuable software frequently. Teamwork and change responsiveness are also emphasized. 

It’s vital to understand that there are different Agile methodologies. These include  DSDM, Scrum, Lean Software Development, Kanban, FDD, Extreme Programming (XP), and Crystal. Each methodology uses these principles in its own way but Agile Leadership is needed to execute these principles effectively. 

Types of Agile Frameworks

It’s well known that there are many Agile frameworks. Scrum and Kanban are notable ones. They are part of agile software development. There are other frameworks too. These comprise Lean Manufacturing, Agile Manifesto, and Lean Software Development which focuses on efficiency and collaboration. It’s not surprising that they also focus on customer satisfaction and problem-solving interactively. Extreme Programming, DSDM, FDD, and Crystal are also part of agile methodology. 


Note that Scrum is mainly used in Agile software development. It’s a key part of the Agile method. It utilizes a step-by-step approach to help teams work efficiently on complex projects. Scrum promotes values like 

  1. Transparency
  2. Inspection
  3. Adaptability from the Agile Manifesto

Scrum is different from Lean Manufacturing or Kanban, which focus on workflow efficiency. Instead, Scrum focuses on product quality and customer satisfaction. 


Note that Kanban comes from lean manufacturing and emphasizes efficient workflow. It’s interesting that the main goal of Kanban is to visualize the work process, limit ongoing work, and maximize efficiency.

Kanban, like Scrum, embodies the principles of the Agile Manifesto. 

One of the cool things about Kanban is that it supports adaptive planning, evolutionary development, plus timely delivery. It comes as no surprise that by making the production line more efficient and reducing waste, Kanban provides the agile leadership needed for successful agile transformation. 

Using the Kanban method shows how agile methodology can adapt to changes in market demands. 

Extreme Programming (XP)

Extreme Programming (XP) is a simple way to develop software which targets to make better software and improve the team's quality of life quality. XP follows the Agile Manifesto, focusing on making customers happy and adapting to changes.

It’s interesting how XP uses parts of Scrum and Kanban. It encourages ongoing communication and feedback between the client and the team. It’s part of the wider Agile change in the software industry. 

Lean Software Development

Lean Software Development focuses on making production smoother and reducing waste. It’s inspired by Lean Manufacturing and note that the goal is to make high-quality software fast by removing unnecessary things from the process. 

Remember, this approach follows the Agile Manifesto’s principles. It values working software and collaboration with users more than lots of documentation and contract talks. 


Crystal is known for its flexibility and lightness. It can adjust to the project’s size, importance, and priority. It’s helpful in many Agile change processes. Crystal has key elements. Agile Leadership encourages team freedom and communication. It’s understandable that Agile software development focuses on delivering working software often and adapting to changes. The cool thing about Lean Software Development is that it emphasizes removing waste and focusing on customer value.

Dynamic Systems Development Method (DSDM)

Dynamic Systems Development Method (DSDM) is an Agile method that focuses on quick software development and active user participation. DSDM aligns with the Agile Manifesto, focusing on collaboration, frequent delivery, and quick response to changes.

DSDM contains parts of Extreme Programming and Kanban methods for efficient workflow management. The good news is that applying DSDM can lead to successful Agile change in organizations. It would not be wrong to say that understanding DSDM is key in using Agile Leadership and Agile Consulting.

Choosing the right Agile Framework for your agency

It’s essential to understand that the right Agile framework for your agency depends on the project type, team size, and culture of the agency. It’s also important to be aware of the basics of Agile project management. This includes the Agile Manifesto and Agile methodology.

Our suggestion will be that the framework you choose should match your organization’s goals for Agile transformation and leadership strategy.

Understanding your agency's needs

It’s critical to be cognizant of your agency’s needs to implement an effective Agile transformation strategy. The cool thing is that by using methods like Agile project management, Scrum, and Kanban, you can change your software development processes! 

It’s well known that tools like Extreme Programming, DSDM, and FDD can enhance Agile software development. It’s vital to apply Agile Consulting to find the best approach for your organization. At the same time, being conscious of the specifics of your agency can greatly affect the success as well as efficiency of adopting Agile methodology.

Comparing different Agile Frameworks

Agile methods contain different frameworks mainly Scrum, Kanban, and Lean Software Development. It comes as no surprise that these frameworks are different in how they are used and where they work best. But, they all want to make things more efficient using Agile principles. So, understanding these frameworks is critical for good Agile project management in addition to Agile transformation. 

Implementing Agile Frameworks in your agency

To use Agile frameworks in your agency, you need to adopt certain methods. Note that these could be Scrum, Kanban, or DSDM for managing Agile projects. 

Agencies can start their Agile transformation by giving Agile Leadership training to their team leaders. This helps them understand the main principles and practices of Agile, including Lean Software Development. Agile Consulting might be helpful too. It can assist in this change as well as make certain the best methodology is used for the organization’s needs. 

Training and educating your team

It’s no secret that for Agile transformation, your team needs good training. You can use Agile project management, Scrum, etc. to make work better and faster. Moreover, your team needs to know the Agile Manifesto well. This manifesto focuses on 

  1. Planning that can change
  2. Developing in stages
  3. Delivering early
  4. Always improving 

Also, utilize Agile Leadership to create a culture where everyone feels responsible and works together. But remember, an Agile method is only as good as the team that uses it.

Adapting and customizing the Framework

Changing and making existing frameworks fit your needs is a key part of Agile project management. Whether it’s Scrum or Extreme Programming, teams should be able to adjust these methods to their own work processes.

Agile transformation usually uses a mix of different approaches. The amazing thing is that teams might mix parts of Lean Software Development with the strictness of DSDM. Or they might add Agile Leadership principles into a mainly Crystal or FDD framework! 

Benefits of using Agile Frameworks

It’s amazing to find out that Agile project management makes things more flexible and improves productivity. Teams use short sprints in frameworks like Scrum or Kanban. This lets them reassess their work all the time. They can adjust their tasks based on feedback.


Agile software development also improves how teams work together. The great thing is that it makes customers happier. In addition to that Agile methods focus on what the customer says which guarantees the product meets the customer’s needs. This increases the product’s value together with the customer’s satisfaction. 

Increased productivity and efficiency

Applying Agile project management can make a business more productive and efficient. Likewise, Lean Software Development helps improve productivity. It takes ideas from Lean Manufacturing which improves productivity by getting rid of waste, improving quality, etc. This can be Agile Software development, DSDM, FDD, Crystal, or any similar Agile transformation. It’s vital to be aware that an organization can enjoy these benefits if they have Agile Leadership. 

Improved client satisfaction

It’s no secret that Agile project management increases client happiness. Clients like the regular updates and fast problem-solving that Scrum and Kanban provide. The Agile Manifesto says that making customers happy through regular delivery of useful software is the most crucial thing.

Agile methods like DSDM and FDD make project progress easy to see and predict aiding improve relationships with clients. Also, continuous Agile transformation along with consulting helps teams adapt to changes well. 

Challenges in Agile implementation

The sad thing is that putting Agile methods like Scrum or Kanban into practice can have its own challenges. This comprises of the following things- 

  • Resistance to change
  • Not having the right Agile leadership
  • The team not aligning with the principles of the Agile Manifesto 

Also, Agile software development needs the customer to be involved all the time and give feedback. The worrying part is that it might not always be possible. Plus, Agile project management relies a lot on the team working together and organizing themselves. This could be a problem in a team that is habitual to a traditional hierarchy. But, despite these challenges, if Agile is understood and put into practice correctly, it can greatly improve the results of projects.

Resistance to change

Change can be hard, especially when moving to Agile methods from old ways of working and this is a common issue when trying to become more Agile. It’s a reality that it can make team members who are used to Scrum, Kanban, or Agile software development feel uncomfortable.

But, leaders have a big role in easing this discomfort. They can use Agile leadership and consulting to help teams understand the Agile Manifesto. This can reduce resistance to change. If done well and with empathy, it can make the transition smoother.

Need for continuous improvement

Always looking for ways to get better is a key part of Agile project management. This is also important in Scrum and Kanban. It allows teams to look at how they are doing and find ways to do better.

Agile software development focuses on learning and adapting rather than sticking to a plan. This creates a culture of constant learning. In the end, this helps to improve Agile leadership and makes the move to Agile more successful. It also helps to deliver more value. 

To fully adopt Agile methods like Extreme Programming and DSDM, teams need to be committed to learning and improving. 

Conclusion: embracing Agile for success

It’s a proven thing that adopting Agile can greatly improve how projects are managed and software is developed. Whether it’s through Scrum or Kanban, Agile can help increase productivity. Agile Leadership is important in guiding this change. It helps to ensure that Agile project management and software development go smoothly. It’s no secret that by following the Agile Manifesto and using a Lean Software Development approach, teams can achieve great success. 

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